A Computer Architecture for Large (Distributed) Data Bases.

Richard Peebles, Eric G. Manning: A Computer Architecture for Large (Distributed) Data Bases. VLDB 1975: 405-427
  author    = {Richard Peebles and
               Eric G. Manning},
  editor    = {Douglas S. Kerr},
  title     = {A Computer Architecture for Large (Distributed) Data Bases},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the International Conference on Very Large Data
               Bases, September 22-24, 1975, Framingham, Massachusetts, USA},
  publisher = {ACM},
  year      = {1975},
  pages     = {405-427},
  ee        = {db/conf/vldb/PeeblesM75.html},
  crossref  = {DBLP:conf/vldb/75},
  bibsource = {DBLP,}


It is argued that the data-base of a nation-wide organization will exhibit geographic locality of reference. That is, most of the transactions homing on a given component of the data base originate from a particular geographic region. At the same time there is a need to operate the collection of components as a single data base to provide for occasional transactions which cross regional boundaries, and for managerial queries and retrieval operations that span the entire data base. There are several examples of this associated with business and industry: credit and inventory records for example.

Modest CPU power will suffice to perform most transaction processing on the data base. We are therefore led to consider a network of identical mini computers (or midis). Each host will execute an identical copy of the operating system in the network. The machines differ only in their complement of hardware (number of discs, primary storage size, etc.) and in the data they hold. Hence we assume that we are able to specify host hardware, host software and communications subnetwork as a single integrated system. The major goal of this work has been to investigate how far these freedoms can be exploited to yield simple elegant structures.

The paper summarizes the design of the communication nucleus (4) of the network and focusses primarily on the design of the software to support transaction processing against the data base (3). Processor distribution is extended to include the ideas of a terminal host, a disc host, a central host and a communications device. The application of the proposed architecture to a typical commercial data processing problem is outlined.

Copyright © 1975 by the ACM, Inc., used by permission. Permission to make digital or hard copies is granted provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or direct commercial advantage, and that copies show this notice on the first page or initial screen of a display along with the full citation.

ACM SIGMOD Anthology

CDROM Version: Load the CDROM "Volume 1 Issue 4, VLDB '75-'88" and ... DVD Version: Load ACM SIGMOD Anthology DVD 1" and ... BibTeX

Printed Edition

Douglas S. Kerr (Ed.): Proceedings of the International Conference on Very Large Data Bases, September 22-24, 1975, Framingham, Massachusetts, USA. ACM 1975
Contents BibTeX


E. F. Codd: Recent Investigations in Relational Data Base Systems. IFIP Congress 1974: 1017-1021 BibTeX
Richard C. Holt: Some Deadlock Properties of Computer Systems. ACM Comput. Surv. 4(3): 179-196(1972) BibTeX
Forest Baskett, K. Mani Chandy, Richard R. Muntz, Fernando G. Palacios: Open, Closed, and Mixed Networks of Queues with Different Classes of Customers. J. ACM 22(2): 248-260(1975) BibTeX

Referenced by

  1. Arie Segev: Optimization of Join Operations in Horizontally Partitioned Database Systems. ACM Trans. Database Syst. 11(1): 48-80(1986)
  2. Bezalel Gavish, Arie Segev: Set Query Optimization in Distributed Database Systems. ACM Trans. Database Syst. 11(3): 265-293(1986)
  3. K. C. Toth, Samy A. Mahmoud, J. Spruce Riordon, O. Sherif: The ADD System: An Architecture for Distributed Databases. VLDB 1978: 462-471
  4. Stanley Y. W. Su, Stefan Lupkiewicz, Chang-jung Lee, Der Her Lo, Keith L. Doty: MICRONET: A Microcomputer Network System for Managing Distributed Relational Databases. VLDB 1978: 288-298
  5. Michel E. Adiba, Jean-Claude Chupin, Robert Demolombe, Georges Gardarin, Jean Le Bihan: Issues in Distributed Data Base Management Systems: A Technical Overview. VLDB 1978: 89-110
  6. Erich J. Neuhold, Horst Biller: POREL: A Distributed Data Base on an Inhomogeneous Computer Network. VLDB 1977: 380-395
  7. Tosiyasu L. Kunii, Hideko S. Kunii: Design Criteria for Distributed Database Systems. VLDB 1977: 93-104
ACM SIGMOD Anthology - DBLP: [Home | Search: Author, Title | Conferences | Journals]
ACM SIGMOD Anthology: Copyright © by ACM (, Corrections:
DBLP: Copyright © by Michael Ley (, last change: Sat May 16 23:44:52 2009