Stanford's Generalized Database System.

J. R. Schroeder, W. C. Kiefer, Richard L. Guertin, W. J. Berman: Stanford's Generalized Database System. VLDB 1975: 120-143
  author    = {J. R. Schroeder and
               W. C. Kiefer and
               Richard L. Guertin and
               W. J. Berman},
  editor    = {Douglas S. Kerr},
  title     = {Stanford's Generalized Database System},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the International Conference on Very Large Data
               Bases, September 22-24, 1975, Framingham, Massachusetts, USA},
  publisher = {ACM},
  year      = {1975},
  pages     = {120-143},
  ee        = {db/conf/vldb/SchroederKGB75.html},
  crossref  = {DBLP:conf/vldb/75},
  bibsource = {DBLP,}


SPIRES (STANFORD PUBLIC INFORMATION RETRIEVAL SYSTEM) is a generalized, on-line database management system developed by Stanford University. Since 1972 it has supported a diverse group of users who design and maintain their own databases. This paper presents an overview of not only the conceptual model of SPIRES, but also some of the underlying implementation techniques.

The discussion emphasizes the role of metadata: schemae that describe the physical or logical mapping of databases are themselves records in the databank and are entered interactively. The database structure is defined in terms of forest sets (databases), forests (record sets), and trees (records). Three aspects of SPIRES schemae are reviewed: a predicate which determines the membership of a record in a particular record set, forest-valued passing functions on trees, and files, which are forest subsets accessible to different user groups.

Other topics include:

Copyright © 1975 by the ACM, Inc., used by permission. Permission to make digital or hard copies is granted provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or direct commercial advantage, and that copies show this notice on the first page or initial screen of a display along with the full citation.

ACM SIGMOD Anthology

CDROM Version: Load the CDROM "Volume 1 Issue 4, VLDB '75-'88" and ... DVD Version: Load ACM SIGMOD Anthology DVD 1" and ... BibTeX

Printed Edition

Douglas S. Kerr (Ed.): Proceedings of the International Conference on Very Large Data Bases, September 22-24, 1975, Framingham, Massachusetts, USA. ACM 1975
Contents BibTeX


E. F. Codd: Further Normalization of the Data Base Relational Model. IBM Research Report, San Jose, California RJ909: (1971) BibTeX
Rudolf Bayer, Edward M. McCreight: Organization and Maintenance of Large Ordered Indices. Acta Inf. 1: 173-189(1972) BibTeX
Donald E. Knuth: The Art of Computer Programming, Volume III: Sorting and Searching. Addison-Wesley 1973, ISBN 0-201-03803-X
Niklaus Wirth: PL360, a Programming Language for the 360 Computers. J. ACM 15(1): 37-74(1968) BibTeX
Kapali P. Eswaran, Jim Gray, Raymond A. Lorie, Irving L. Traiger: The Notions of Consistency and Predicate Locks in a Database System. Commun. ACM 19(11): 624-633(1976) BibTeX

Referenced by

  1. John L. McCarthy: Metadata Management for Large Statistical Databases. VLDB 1982: 234-243
ACM SIGMOD Anthology - DBLP: [Home | Search: Author, Title | Conferences | Journals]
ACM SIGMOD Anthology: Copyright © by ACM (, Corrections:
DBLP: Copyright © by Michael Ley (, last change: Sat May 16 23:44:51 2009